When I was a kid, one of my favorite books was Before the Golden Age, a thousand-page anthology Isaac Asimov edited of his favorite stories from the pulp era of science fiction, the early 1930s, when Asimov was a teenager. I was reading those stories at about the same age Asimov was when he read them. Asimov put this anthology together in 1974, and remarks in his afterwords on his surprise at how well he remembered these stories. I, reading them in my own adulthood, am surprised by the same thing. The armored fighting suits with all the different-colored rays! 1930s science fiction was really into “rays.”
On the other hand, reading these stories again now, and thinking about whether I’d want to lend this book to CJ, I’m stopped short by, well, how super-racist a lot of these stories are? I hadn’t remembered this at all. Like, you write a story (“Awlo of Ulm”) about a guy who makes himself smaller than an atom and discovers an entirely new subnuclear universe, and the wildest thing you can imagine finding there is… that the black-skinned subnuclear people are cannibalistic savages, and the yellow-skinned, slant-eyed ones are hyperrational, technically advanced, and cruel, and the white-skinned ones are sort of feudal and hapless but really standup guys when you get to know them?
Anyway, then I read the story, and then I read Asimov’s 1974 afterwords, when he writes about how he was stopped short, reading the stories again then, by how super-racist a lot of the stories were, and that he hadn’t remembered that at all.
So not only did I forget the stories had a lot of racism, I also forgot about Asimov forgetting about the stories having a lot of racism!
1930s SF was really worried about (but also, I think, kind of attracted to) the idea that humans, by relying on machines for aid, would become less and less physically capable, transforming first into big-headed weaklings and finally into animate brains, maybe with tiny eyes or beaks or tentacles attached. This image comes up in at least three of the stories I’ve read so far (but is most vividly portrayed in “The Man Who Evolved.”)
Of course, you can ask: was this actually a dominant concern of 1930s SF, or was it a dominant concern of nerdy teen Isaac Asimov? What I know about the pulps is what I know from this anthology, so my memory of it is my memory of his memory of it.
When I was a kid, by the way, I sent Isaac Asimov a fan letter. I was really into his collections of popular science essays, which I read again and again. I told him “I’ll bet I’m your only seven-year-old fan.” He sent back a postcard that said “I’ll bet you are not my only seven-year-old fan.” Damn, Asimov, you burned me good.